422 million adults worldwide have diabetes. The prevalence of this condition is rising at a faster pace than before particularly among low and middle income countries.
There are different types of diabetes. Only type 1 is not preventable. In all cases, the consequences might be severe: vision loss, kidney failure, increased risk of heart attack and stroke and even lower limb amputation.
Type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented and what causes it it’s still not known. In this case, the body does not produce sufficient insulin and requires a daily intake of insulin to compensate.
Type 2 diabetes happens when the body produces sufficient insulin but doesn’t manage to use it well. It used to happen only in adults but lately can be found in children as well.This is the most common type and is normally associated with being overweight and conducting a sedentary lifestyle. Therefore, diabetes type 2 can be prevented or delayed with a healthier lifestyle.
Gestational diabetes is temporary a condition that occurs during pregnancy and is characterized by hyperglycaemia. It represented and increased risk during pregnancy and delivery and can lead to diabetes type 2 in the children in the future.
Prevention is in your hands
Leading a healthy lifestyle and not smoking are important steps to prevent diabetes type 2. Additionally, only 30 minutes of physical activity per day can make a difference and help you to keep a healthy body weight.
Medical Port visited the tech conference that brought people from all over the world to Lisbon. The future of health was among the topics discussed at the Web Summit.
From alternative therapies to wearables, transplants and hybrid humans: a broad range of topics were discussed at the Web Summit.
The possibility of ever achieving a disease-free world was debated, but the opinion was clear: the majority of the attendees agreed it is quite utopic to ever achieve of such thing, despite the great advances of science.
Longevity was also discussed: could 125 be the new 80 in the future? Maybe, according to Gabriel Otte, who runs an enterprise working on disease prevention. Unfortunately, not all can be controlled by us, as the key seems to lie on a combination of genetics and lifestyle effects. However, Gabriel Otte recommends us to be as proactive about out general health as most people are with their teeth – checking it regularly and focusing on prevention.
Many countries mark October as the Breast Cancer Awareness month, with the aim to disseminate more information about the leading cancer among women, as well as promote an early detection.
Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women. Some risk factors have been identified but there are no specific causes leading to this condition. Many higher income countries have implemented cancer screening programs as early detection is still the main way to increase the survival chance.
The incidence of breast cancer is nearly 90 cases per 100 000 people in Western Europe, while in most developing regions is below 40/100 000. Therefore, breast cancer is seen as a disease affecting mainly higher income countries – which is true – however, rates among lower-income countries are increasing at a faster pace, as life expectancy increases as well in such regions. The survival rates also vary according to different regions in the world. In North America is 80% or higher, while in low-income countries is below 40%, mostly due to late detection.
Genetics, woman’s reproductive timing and some lifestyle choices can increase the chances of developing breast cancer. For instance, a familial history of breast cancer is a sign to pay attention to; reproductive factors like an early menarche, late menopause, late age of first childbirth and exposure to endogenous estrogens are also important risk factors. Alcohol use, obesity, overweight and physical inactivity can be the reason for around 20% or breast cancer cases, according to a study from 2005.
Breast self exams and clinical breast examination can provide some preliminary leads but the most effective way to detect breast cancer is by doing a mammography. Normally, women without risk factors should start doing the mammography exam after turning 35, each 18 months until the menopause. After the menopause the periodicity should be every 2 years.
Contact Medical Port if you are living in Portugal and don’t know where to go to do a mammography. For a thorough analyisis on women’s health, we also provide a gynaecological check-up.
The UK newspaper “The Independent” explains why so many young professionals are calling Lisbon their new home, as the possibility to work remotely becomes more and more a reality.
Warm, vibrant, “the new capital of cool”, as we have previously described Lisbon, keeps on attracting more and more foreigners, both tourists and new residents.
The expats mentioned on the article by the Independent seem to agree on the quality of life that the Portuguese capital has to offer. The warm weather, architecture, gastronomy and the proximity to beautiful beaches are the most common reasons attracting foreigners, in addition to a cost of living below the average among western Europe capitals, specially London.
This is a recipe for success and the proof is the increasing number of visitors in the city: over 6 million in the first semester. The number of foreign residents has also been growing (even Madonna has moved to Lisbon!), as one of the interviewees confirms “The expat scene is a lot bigger than a few years ago”.
Recently, the Financial Times also sought to understand why all the roads lead to Lisbon, which, according to the article, happened quite naturally. Lisbon is now an important spot for business makers and entrepreneurs. Read the full article
If, like many, you are considering moving to Lisbon, do not forget about your health! Medical Port specializes in guiding foreigners to access the healthcare they need in Portugal. Contact us!
Portugal is one of the biggest winners in the latest report from InterNations, an international expat community, that counted on the input of 12 500 expats.
According to the 2017 “Expat Insider Report”, Portugal is definitely a top choice among expats. The climate, the people, the culture, leisure possibilities, the easiness to settle in and safety are some of the most valued aspects.
Portugal is definitely seen as a welcoming country: the country comes first in the rankings for “friendliness”, “feeling welcome, feeling at home in the local culture”, “easiness to settle down” and “easiness to get used to the local culture”.
All these granted this country the first place on the overall ranking for quality of life. Expats are satisfied and live happily in Portugal. The report claims only 4% expressed any dissatisfaction. One of the participants in the survey claimed: “This is a gem of a country hidden in plain sight”.
Portugal is also included on the top ten for “Health and Wellbeing”, a category that analyses both healthcare and the quality of the environment, describing the healthcare performance above average, both for quality and affordability.
A recent report published by the World Health Organization (WHO) places Portugal on the 8th place in the ranking of countries with the highest percentage of GDP spent on Health and medical science research and development (R&D).
The report claims that Health R&D ensures the availability of appropriate health technologies, which is crucial for the protection and promotion of health. A few examples of Portuguese expertise:
The most influential pathologist in the world
In 2015, Portuguese Manuel Sobrinho Simões was considered the most influential pathologist in the world. You can read more here.
The Champalimaud Foundation is a worldwide reference for oncology. It counts on experts and researchers coming from all over the world. In 2012, the Centre was named the best place worldwide (outside the USA) to do postdoctoral work, by the international journal, The Scientist. One the of the branches of the Foundation, the Center fort he Unknown is directed by Professor Zvi Fuks, a precursor of innovative radiotherapy techniques like the Single Dose Image Guided Radiotherapy (SD-IGRT).Click to learn more about Champalimaud Foundation.
Internationally awarded researchers (only a few among many!)
João Gonçalves got the Bill and Melissa Gates Foundation Award to develop a new HIV therapy
Ester Coutinho was awarded by the British Academy of Medical Sciences for her work on neurodevelopment in children;
Rita Guerreiro won the Fondazione Gino Galletti Neuroscience Prize 2015, which praised her work related to Alzheimer’s Disease
Miguel Seabra is Seeds of Science awardee, for his work on one of the types of blindness.
Portugal offers a welcoming and highly professional environment for your medical experience abroad. Contact us via email firstname.lastname@example.org or call us on +351 211 379 718 if you are looking for medical treatments abroad and learn how we can help you to reach the best hospitals and clinics.
Every year, the last week of April aims to raise awareness for immunization. This year topic is “Vaccines Work”.
Vaccines work by acting as “fake” pathogens that carry diseases, prompting a response from the immune system. This way, the body will be ready to act faster if faced with the real disease pathogen in the future. By helping to prevent diseases in the first place, vaccines also limit the antibiotic resistance.
During this action week, the World Health Organization (WHO) aims to raise awareness for the importance of the use of vaccines and clarify some myths regarding them. The five key messages raised by the WHO are:
Vaccines are safe and effective, because they undergo rigorous tests before being given to the population
Vaccines prevent deadly diseases, like measles and mumps. Those who are not vaccinated are more vulnerable to such things
Vaccines provide better immunity than natural infections, because there is less risk involved
Combined vaccines are safe and beneficial and there is no risk associated with receiving multiple vaccines at the same time
If we stop vaccination diseases will return. When less people get vaccinated, even previously eradicated diseases can return (as the recent outbreak of measles in some European countries).
Make sure you and your family are protected against diseases! If you are living in Portugal and away from your country healthcare system, we will help you finding the adequate healthcare you need. Contact us!